Egypt is a cradle of civilizations. It has a number of civilizations that have left traces in the country, such as the Pharaonic kingdom, the parish, the Persians, the Ptolemaic state and the Romans, making Egypt an attractive tourist destination nowadays.
Pyramids of Giza
The pyramids were built in Giza in Egypt by the Pharaohs to carry the meaning of immortality. They are ancient tombs from the ancient kingdoms of Egypt. They were built because of the Pharaohs’ belief in the afterlife. They built temples for the gods and huge hierarchical tombs for themselves filled with everything the ruler might need. The first pyramidal project was the pharaoh Khufu before 2550 BC. Its pyramid is the largest in Giza, and its pyramid rises to about 147 m above the plateau. Its stone mass is estimated at 2.3 million pieces. Each piece weighs between 2500-15000 kg. Then Pharaoh Khafra Ibn Khufu The second pyramid was in Giza before about 2520 BC. His tomb included a statue of a father Sphinx, a limestone monument with the body of a lion and the head of Pharaoh Monument, and then built the pyramid Mancaar III, which is smaller in size than its predecessors, about the year 2490 BC, and is considered a structure and funerary temple is more complex than others.
The Karnak Temple Complex, internationally known as the Karnak, is an enormous gathering of ruins of temples, chapels, grand columns and other buildings. It is located 3 km from Luxor in Egypt. Its name in ancient Egypt was Ipet-isut (“the most important place to choose”), the main temple of the goddess Thiatha Taiba, in the well-lit city of Taibe. The complex takes its current name from the nearby village surrounding it, the village of Karnak.
The Luxor Temple is a giant pharaonic monument overlooking the Nile Corniche directly in the center of Luxor. It was built by Amenhotep III in 14 BC. Ramses II added columns and pylon to the courtyard. The entrance included the entrance and the tower. In front of him are two statuettes of Ramesses and four standing statues.
Is one of the largest and most famous museums in the world, located in the heart of the Egyptian capital “Cairo” in the north of Tahrir Square. Founded in 1835 and located at the Azbekiya Park, the Egyptian Museum is one of the first museums in the world to be established as a public museum, unlike the museums that preceded it.
The valley of the kings
The Valley of the Kings or Valley of the Kings is a valley in the province of Qena in Upper Egypt where for about 500 years of the 16th century BC. To the 11th century BC, tombs were built for the Pharaohs and the most powerful nobles of the modern kingdom (family 18 to the 20th Dynasty of Ancient Egypt). The valley is located on the west bank of the Nile, on the opposite bank of the beautiful (Luxor) contemporary, in the heart of the city of the Tayyibi dead. The valley actually consists of two valleys, the Eastern Valley (where most of the royal tombs are located) and the Western Valley.
Abu Simbel temple
Abu Simbel is an archeological site located in the mountain dunes south of Aswan. It is a cliff of sand-red sandstone. It stands prominently on the west bank of the Nile (now on the western shore of Lake Nasser behind the High Dam). It consists of two large temples carved into rock. It was built by King Ramses II in 1250 BC, the third Pharaohs of the nineteenth Egyptian family. These two temples were completed around 1206 BC and were among the greatest temples of ancient Egypt. They are usually called “Abu Simbel al-Kabeer” and “Abu Simbel al-Saghir”, both larger and more magnificent than all the Egyptian rock temples of all times. “They are terrified of their architecture, their great proportions, their statues and the beauty of their walls.” There are six statues at the entrance of the other temple, four of them for Ramses II and two for his wife Nefertari.